Fungal infections that develop especially during the rainy season can become life-threatening for patients with weak immunity. Invasive fungal infection occurs in patients with poor immunity. These include patients with uncontrolled diabetes, cancer, surgery and organ transplants.
Community infections also often occur when a patient is undergoing treatment and his immunity is weak. Doctors have special suggestions to avoid the risk of invasive fungal infection during the rainy season.
Health experts say that patients with weak immunity are not able to compete with fungus-like pathogens when they are attacked. It is estimated that 10–15 percent of fungal infections occur in hospital and there is a higher risk of morbidity and death. Because a hospital-borne infection is more dangerous.
Experts believe that it is almost impossible to create a 100 percent uninfected environment, even in a hospital. In most cases an infection is already present in the patient in a dormant state. Dr. Prashanth Saxena, an expert in respiratory science, critical care and sleep medicine, states that aspergillosis and candidiasis are the most common invasive fungal infections that occur in a hospital.
Invasive fungal infections are difficult to identify and treat. Doctors often identify these infections through various types of diagnostic testing. Long-term treatment is needed to cure a fungal infection that lasts for about six weeks.
He said that his immunity is weak, including people undergoing complex surgeries, who are taking high doses of drugs under therapy to treat their disease. In the case of organ transplants, it is also necessary that the patient’s resistance is reduced so that their body can easily accept the new organ, which can then be rejected simultaneously in natural resistance systems.
Prolonged misuse of antibiotics, steroid use and other factors are responsible for weak immunity.
Dr. Prashanth Saxena says that one has to stay in ICU for a long time if there is an invasive fungal infection. It takes longer to recover. Hospitals take all precautions to control invasive fungal infections or to prevent hospital infections.
Such as refraining from placing the patient with a catheter for a long time, minimal use of antibiotics, adherence to prescribed guidelines regarding antibiotics, and adequate monitoring.
Awareness plays an important role. Patients with weak immunity and their family members should be alert to symptoms such as fever, headache and especially swelling in the eyes. But sometimes it can also be a signal of invasive fungal infection. In such a situation, the doctor should be told about them immediately.
Cameron Hills is the Lead Editor for News Herder with 12 years of experience.